Independence Dental Associates, LLC | Post Treatment Instructions in Hackettstown

Independence  Dental  Associates,  L.L.C.

Richard J. Cleave,
DMD, FAGD

General Dentistry, Implants,
 IV Sedation, Oral Surgery,
 Moderate IV Sedation Permit # 034
Brian D. Bachrach, DMD
General Dentistry 

  Samantha R. Bogle, DMD
  Orthodontics

915 County Road 517 # 23 
Hackettstown, NJ 07840
(908) 852-2215

IndependenceDental@gmail.com

We Are A Comprehensive Full
Service Dental Facility.
Call Us For An Appointment Today.
You Will Be Happy You Did!

Post Treatment Instructions

 

Oral Surgery

It is important to follow instructions after you have oral surgery to ensure proper healing and to avoid complications. 

Eating after surgery can be difficult since your tissue will be numb and you can inadvertently bit your lips or cheeks.  This is particularly true with children.  Parents need to be aware of this and guard that they eat only soft or liquid foods.

The instructions found below are guidelines. After your surgery the doctor or dental assistant will give you full instructions on how to properly recover from surgery.  Every surgery is somewhat different, therefore the office will explain to either the patient or the patient's escort what to expect and how to take steps to allow for proper healing with minimal to no complications.  Patient's that had IV Sedation will have amnesia and will not remember instructions and often remember little about the surgery.  They will also have a tendency to ask the same question repitiously for some time after surgery.

 

 

Root Canal Therapy

You can expect soreness after a root canal procedure for a few days. You should avoid chewing on the side of your mouth where the procedure was performed so you do not irritate the area and also to ensure that the temporary restorative material properly sets. You will also need to take an antibiotic to treat any remaining infection in your tooth. If you notice an increasing amount of pain or tenderness, a reaction to the medication, or the loss of the temporary restoration (filling) call your dentist immediately.

Crowns and Bridges

Before you receive your permanent crown/bridge you will first receive a temporary restoration. This is not as sturdy as the permanent version, so you should be careful when cleaning and eating. You should brush the area gently and should not pull up on the tooth when flossing because it could become dislodged. The same goes for eating. You should avoid sticky or chewy foods while you have the temporary in.

There may be some sensitivity and irritation after the temporary or permanent is placed. This is normal and will subside after the soft tissue heals. A warm salt water rinse will help, and you can also take Advil or Tylenol if the pain does not go away.

When the permanent crown or bridge is placed it may feel a little awkward for a few days. Your mouth needs to adjust to the new tooth, and it should feel like one of your natural tooth in less than a week. If your bite feels abnormal in any way, you should let your dentist know. Caring for your bridge or crown is just like caring for your own teeth. You should brush and floss regularly.

White Fillings, enamel and dentin Bonding

After the anesthesia wears off your teeth will likely be sensitive. You should avoid hot and cold food or drink for the next few days. After that initial period, your treated teeth will feel as good as new. Continue your normal hygiene plan to ensure that your fillings last for a long time.

Scaling and Root Planing

After this procedure your gums will probably be slightly sore and irritated for a few days. You should rinse your mouth with warm salt water (1 tsp salt/8 oz water) 2-3 times a day. This will relieve the pain and cleanse the area. Brushing and flossing should be continued right after the procedure, but you should brush gently so that you do not further irritate the area. If you experience any swelling or stiffness in the area you can place a cold compress on the area and take some pain relieving medicine. Avoid any hard or chewy foods for 2-3 days after the surgery to ensure the area heals correctly. If you continue to experience pain or swelling after a few days contact your dentist.

Veneers

Before you receive your permanent veneer you will first receive a temporary restoration. This is not as sturdy as the permanent version, so you should be careful when cleaning and eating. You should brush the area gently and should not pull up on the tooth when flossing because it could become dislodged. The same goes for eating. You should avoid sticky or chewy foods while you have the temporary in.

There may be some sensitivity and irritation after the temporary or permanent is placed. This is normal and will subside after the soft tissue heals. A warm salt water rinse will help, and you can also take Advil or Tylenol if the pain does not go away.

When the veneer is placed it may feel a little awkward for a few days. Your mouth needs to adjust to the new tooth, and it should feel like one of your natural tooth in less than a week. If your bite feels abnormal in any way, you should let your dentist know. When brushing and flossing you should pay close attention to the area between the veneer and the tooth at the gum line.

Extractions

After the surgery you will need to rest. You need to be driven home by a friend or family member because of the anesthesia. You can expect for the extraction site to bleed for a little while after the surgery. Gauze will be applied at the completion of the surgery, and you will need to change it when it becomes soaked. If bleeding continues for longer than 24 hours you should call your dentist. Rest when you return home, but do not lie flat. This could prolong the bleeding. Prop your head up on a pillow when lying down. Your dentist will prescribe you pain medication, so if you become sore take as directed. You can also use an ice pack for the pain. Your dentist might also provide you with a cleaning solution to clean the extraction site.

You will be limited to soft foods for a few days after your surgery. Sometimes as long as 21 days for extensive bone grafting and implant surgical cases. Some recommended foods are: Gelatin, Pudding, Yogurt, Mashed Potatoes, Ice Cream, Thin Soups, and other food you can eat without the excessive need for chewing.

 

POST-OPERATIVE INSTRUCTIONS

Please select the procedure you had to see a summary of post-op instructions.  Call us if you have any questions:

Extraction

Fillings

Crown and Bridge

Root Canal treatment

Teeth cleaning/Deep cleaning

Braces were placed

Gum surgery

Implant surgery

Denture delivery

Apicoectomy (Root canal surgery)

Bone Graft Surgery

 EXTRACTIONS:

1. Pressure should be placed on the gauze pad that has been placed on the extraction site for one hour.  If the bleeding continues, new gauze should be placed and pressed on for another 45 minutes.

2. If you are supervising children who have had extraction done, make sure they don’t bite on their numb lips or tongue (it can cause serious injury to their soft tissue).

3.  Avoid eating or drinking anything hot on the day of your extraction.   Also, do not rinse your mouth; do not use a straw for drinking.  Do not spit and do not drink carbonated beverages.  Do not brush on the day of the surgery; you can resume your brushing and flossing the day after, gently.  DO NOT SMOKE!!!

4. You may experience some pain, bruising around your lips and/or some swelling, especially after extraction of impacted wisdom teeth.  Ice bag application and medication prescribed for you will help to minimize your discomfort.

5. Please take all the medication you have received based on the instructions given to you.

6. During the first 2-3 days after the surgery, a diet of soft food and liquids is recommended (soup, yogurt, milk shake and juice).

7. For more complex Surgical Procedures including Impacted Wisdom Tooth Extraction, Implant Surgical Procedures, etc., you will receive an ice wrap which should be worn for the rest of the day and until you go to bed on the day of surgery only (10 minutes on and 5 minutes off).  Individual instructions for various surgical treatments will have some unique directions which will be supplied to you at the time of your treatment.

8. Call our office if you experience excessive bleeding, severe pain or swelling or if you have any questions or concerns.  In case of serious emergencies, call 911.

 

FILLINGS:

1.  Do not eat on your new filling for one hour and until your numbness is gone.

2.  If you are supervising children who had fillings done, make sure they don’t bite on  their numb lips or tongue (it can cause serious injury to their soft tissue).

3. Do not bite hard or chew on silver amalgam fillings for 24 hours.

4. You may experience cold and heat sensitivity and some soreness on your gums, this usually subsides in a few days.

5. Call our office if you experience pain or discomfort for more than a few days after the fillings or if you have any questions.

 

CROWN AND BRIDGE, ALSO INLAYS AND ONLAYS:

1. Crown and bridges usually take 2 or 3 appointments to complete.  On the first appointment the tooth/teeth are prepared and impressions are taken and a temporary crown is placed on your tooth/teeth.

2. You may experience sensitivity, gum soreness and slight discomfort on the tooth/teeth, it should subside after the placement of permanent crown.

3. Whenever anesthesia is used, avoid chewing on your teeth until the numbness has worn off.

4. Temporary crown is usually made of plastic based material or soft metal.  It could break if too much pressure is placed on it.  The crown also may come off; if it does, save the crown and call our office.  The temporary crown is placed to protect the tooth and prevent other teeth to move.  If it comes off it should be replaced. To avoid losing your temporary, avoid chewing on stick and hard food (chewing gum, ice).  Try to chew on the opposite side of the treatment as much as possible.

5.  After the permanent restoration is placed you may feel slight pressure for a few days.  Also, the bite may feel different for a day or two.  But if the bite feels uneven or you feel discomfort on bite may feel different for a day or two.  But if the bite feels uneven or you feel discomfort on chewing on the tooth after 2-3 days, call our office.  Delaying the necessary adjustments may damage the tooth permanently.

6. Continue your normal brushing but be careful while flossing around the temporaries (remove the floss gently from the side).

7. Call our office if you are in pain or if you have any questions.

 

ROOT CANAL TREATMENT:

1. You may experience moderate pain and sensitivity to pressure on your tooth.  Also, you may feel gum soreness for a few days after your treatment.  The healing process may take several days but the pain and discomfort should subside gradually.

2. Take any medication that was prescribed for you according to instructions.

3. Usually a temporary filling has been placed on your tooth, do not bite on the tooth for one hour and while you are numb.  Also, until the permanent restoration is placed, be very gentle with the tooth.  Try to chew on the opposite side.

4. Continue your brushing and flossing.

5. Follow up with the placement of your permanent restoration as you have been advised.  Any unnecessary delay on placement of final restoration may damage the tooth permanently.

6. Call our office if you are in severe pain or experience swelling or if you have any questions.

 

TEETH CLEANING, SCALING & ROOT PLANNING:

1. You may experience some cold and heat sensitivity (especially after deep cleaning).

2. If you have received anesthesia, do not eat anything until the numbness has worn off.

3. Continue your regular brushing and flossing.

4. Some bleeding for a day or two after cleaning is normal, but if you experience any excessive bleeding call our office.

5. Call our office if you are in pain or if you have any questions.

 

BRACES WERE PLACED:

1. You may experience some pressure and discomfort on your teeth.

2. Be gentle with braces and avoid chewing hard and/or sticky food.

3. Brushing and flossing around braces are sometimes challenging but very important.

4. Call our office if you have any questions.

 

 GUM SURGERY:

 

When drinking, make sure you do not use a straw. The sucking motion can loosen your sutures and slow the clotting process. The same goes for smoking. If you have prolonged pain, bleeding, irritation, or don't feel that the extraction site is healing properly call your dentist for a follow up.

1. You may experience some pain, swelling and bleeding after the surgery.

2. Take all the prescribed medications based on given information.

3. Apply an ice bag on your face over the surgical site on the day of surgery for 10 minutes on and 5 minutes off.

4. Keep your next appointment on time for removal of sutures and follow up checks.

5. DO NOT raise your lips with your fingers to inspect the treated area.

6. DO NOT brush teeth near the surgical site.  Brush teeth in the rest of your mouth.

7. There is often a temporary loss of feeling in the operated area and the tooth may feel loose.

8. DO NOT smoke, spit or use a straw on the day of the surgery.  NO SMOKING for several days following the surgery.

9. Should any difficulties occur, do not hesitate to call our office anytime.  In case of an extreme urgency call 911.

 

IMPLANT SURGERY:

1. You may experience some discomfort and bleeding the day of the surgery.

2. Take all the prescribed medications based on given instructions.

3. Apply an ice bag on your face over the surgical site on the day of surgery.  A wrap around ice pack will be given to you for your post surgical care.  Ice is only used the first day.  Starting on day 2 a heating pad drapped around your jaws on low will help dilate blood vessels to allow medication to the surgcial site.  Dr. Cleave usually sees you within a couple to three days of your surgery to make sure everything is going well and that sutures have not pullled free.

4. Suture removal may be delayed for larger bone grafts.  When Platelet Rich Fibrin is used in the surgery suture removal may be completed sooner.  Every person heals differently.  Dr. Cleave will evaluate your healing closely.

5. DO NOT raise your lips with your fingers to inspect the treated area.

6. DO NOT brush teeth near the surgical site.  Brush teeth in the rest of your mouth.

7. There is often a temporary loss of feeling in the operated area and the tooth may feel loose.

8. DO NOT smoke, spit or use a straw on the day of the surgery.

9. Should any difficulties occur, do not hesitate to call our office.

 

DENTURE DELIVERY:

1. You will experience some discomfort with any new denture for a few days.  All new dentures need several adjustments to completely and comfortably fit your mouth.

2. You should take the dentures out every night and keep them in a clean container containing water or denture cleaning solution.  Your gums need rest and to be without the dentures every day for a period of time.

3. Clean dentures thoroughly with brush and water before putting them back in your mouth.

4. It may be difficult to talk normally with the new denture for a few days.  A way to practice is to read a book or newspaper out loud for a period of time every day.  Your tongue and muscles will get used to the new denture and you will talk normally very soon.

5. Call our office if you are experiencing pain, discomfort or if you have any questions.

 

APICAL SURGERY, ROOT CANAL SURGERY:

1. Swelling, minor pain and/or skin discoloration may be experienced following the surgical procedure.  This will be temporary.

2. In order to keep the swelling to a minimum, use an ice pack for the first few hours (on for 10 minutes and off for 5 minutes).

3. THE DAY AFTER the surgery use lukewarm water rinses for the treated area following each meal.  This should continue for the first 3 days following the surgical procedure.

4. Eat only soft foods.  Avoid hard and chewy foods. 

5. Get plenty of rest and insure normal intake of food, especially liquids such as fruit juices, soup, and milk.  Use a vitamin supplement if desired.  Try not to sleep on the operated area for 2-3 days.

6. DO NOT raise your lips with your fingers to inspect the treated area.

7. DO NOT brush teeth near the surgical site.  Brush teeth in the rest of your mouth.

8. There is often a temporary loss of feeling in the operated area and the tooth may feel loose.

9. Take medications according to the instructions.

10.Should any difficulties occur, do not hesitate to call our office.  

 

BONE GRAFT SURGERY:  Post Surgical Instructions:

You have just had surgery completed for the reduction of periodontal pocketing and/or for replacement of bone in an area where pathology existed; or in conjunction with endosseous dental implant surgical placement with or without platelet addition to the bone graft.  You will be advised of the particular procedure and pertinent directions relative to your treatment modality.  Whether you were put to sleep for this procedure or were only given local anesthesia, the post-operative directions remain the same.

You will have several sutures (stitches) placed at the surgical site.  These sutures may or may not be resorbable.  If you have been told that you have received external silk sutures, they have to be removed by us.  The sutures will cause a pulling of your tissue over the bone grafting site.  Since the bone graft site will have approximately 15% more bone fill than what was naturally there, it is imperative that you do not pull up your lips or cheeks to show or examine the area.  The undue pressure will cause the sutures to widen away from the surgical site, expose bone, create more pain, and delay healing dramatically.  This delay can lead to the need for the area to be sutured again when you are seen for your one week post-surgical evaluation.  The sutures will remain in place for between 14 and 21 days depending on the size of the graft, the severity of the pathology, and the condition of the tissue being sutured.

Your doctor will tell you what time period to expect.  Remember though that this is not etched in stone, and that the doctor may extend the time before your sutures are removed to assure adequate healing and to avoid surgical regression.        

You also may have a periodontal pack placed over the surgical site.  The pack is pink in color, impregnated with antibiotic, and will protect the surgical site from infection and any wash out of the particulate bone utilized to restore your jaw.  The pack should be left in place for as long as possible.  If a pack is placed, the doctor will remove the packing on your 1 week follow-up and decide if the packing should be replaced or kept off.  Usually, the packing is kept on for 7 to 10 days minimally.  You must return to the office if your pack falls off before you are seen for your 1 week follow-up.

Your maintenance during healing has to be completed carefully.  You can brush in every area where the periodontal pack is not placed. It is imperative that you sue NOTHING ASTRINGENT such as mouthwash or antiseptic solutions during the healing period of your bone graft.  Listerine, Viadent, and any other potentially caustic agent can RUIN your bone grafting procedure, if contaminated, and require a replacement bone graft.  Doctor and our staff will reiterate this with you at, during and after your bone graft surgical procedure.  After the first stages of healing is satisfactory, we will deliver and instruct you on how to use normal saline (with or without the addition of salt), and irrigation syringes for cleaning of the surgical site.

Since bone grows and heals slowly and requires conditions conducive to a proper environment and blood supply, it is imperative that immediately after your bone graft  you alter your diet, as you would for any oral surgical procedure.  This means that you should not eat anything that is too large, too hot, or too sticky.  Your food should be tepid or on the cool side.  Any food too hot will have a deleterious affect on your surgical procedure.  Common sense must be used in determining what should be done or not done.  If for some reason you have a question about anything post surgically, please all the office and we will inform you of the proper action to take.

SMOKING after any oral surgical procedure will ALWAYS delay or badly disrupt normal healing due to a decrease in oxygenation of the tissue that is healing.  Smoking should therefore be stopped for the first 7 to 10 days to allow for adequate initial tissue closure.  Complete epithilization (closure) and wound healing normally takes a minimum of 21 days from the day the surgery was completed under ideal healing conditions and no other underlying systemic causes such as Diabetes Melitus, etc. 

Bone grafting is a very predictable surgical procedure when done correctly and when patient cooperation is adhered to.  Please try to be reasonable in understanding that this procedure has inherent risks associated with it as stated in your informed consents.  Some of these risks are also pertinent to your post-operative care.

We want nothing more than a perfect outcome with the surgical procedures that you are having done to rehabilitate your bone.  This can only be attainable with proper cooperation from you.  Please always feel free to communicate with use, at any time, to make sure that the procedures that you are having completed are properly maintained.  No question is ever perceived by our office as being silly or unreasonable.  We would rather have questions answered immediately than to have a chance that the procedure will not go as planned, especially from omissions that are preventable.

Please also remember, as stated above, and as outlined on your informed consents, that there are some occasions that no matter what is done that the outcome is not perfect.  There are even infrequent instances when a surgery may have to be redone that are neither the doctors nor the patients fault.